British Native Trees and Shrubs
The following list represents all of the British native trees and shrubs that were considered for the woodland mix at Three Hagges Jubilee Wood. There are 40 species of tree and 16 species of shrub in total, of which we are planting 24 species of tree and 7 of shrubs; they are highlighted in green.
We have not chosen all of them. Some are inappropriate for the site; others are locally abundant, and will come in by prolific self-sown seedlings (if we let them). On silver birch (Betula pendula) and elder (Sambucus nigra), we take the view that they occur very locally and will rapidly become a weed species if introduced. Nevertheless, their nearby presence is sure to be exploited by various creatures as host/hotel/food source.
We plan to plant the shrubby species in multiples (7,9,13 etc) , because this type of group planting greatly assists pollination and hence ensures abundant fruiting. Essential for our avian and mammalian foragers.
Note that the first six species on the shrub list, plus Blackthorn, Hawthorn and Hazel, can be grown together to make a beautiful native mixed hedge, which is an excellent resource for wildlife of all types.
They are all native species from sources of known native provenance.
Please click on the Latin name to find out more.
- Acer campestre, Field Maple
- Alnus glutinosa, Common alder
- Arbutus unedo, Strawberry Tree, Ireland only
- Betula pendula, Silver Birch: locally abundant
- Betula pubescens, Downy Birch
- Buxus sempervirens, Box: a native on the chalk of Yorkshire Wolds
- Carpinus betulus, European Hornbeam
- Corylus avellana, Common Hazel
- Crataegus × media, – occurs as a natural hybrid wherever C. monogyna and C. laevigata overlap
- Crataegus laevigata, Midland Hawthorn
- Crataegus monogyna, Common Hawthorn
- Fagus sylvatica, European Beech: may include as sentinel trees at a later date
- Fraxinus excelsior, Ash: excluded due to Ash die back disease, Chalara fraxinea.
- Ilex aquifolium, European Holly
- Juniperus communis, Common Juniper: more commonly seen on limestone and chalk, usually on uplands in Yorkshire
- Malus sylvestris, Crab apple
- Pinus sylvestris, Scots Pine: abundant as plantation species in nearby woodland
- Populus nigra, Black Poplar
- Populus tremula, Aspen
- Prunus avium, Wild Cherry
- Prunus padus, Bird Cherry
- Prunus spinosa, Blackthorn
- Quercus petraea, Sessile Oak
- Quercus robur, Pedunculate Oak
- Salix alba, White Willow
- Salix caprea, Goat willow
- Salix cinerea, Grey Willow
- Salix fragilis, Crack Willow
- Salix pentandra, Bay Willow
- Salix triandra, Almond-leaved Willow
- Sorbus aria, Common Whitebeam: more commonly seen on dry limestone and chalk, but nevertheless an amenable tree in cultivation
- Sorbus aucuparia, European Rowan
- Sorbus domestica, Service Tree
- Sorbus torminalis, Wild Service Tree, Checkers, Chequer tree. Not locally native, but a beautiful tree that does well in Yorkshire
- Taxus baccata, European Yew
- Tilia cordata, Small-leaved Linden, Lime
- Tilia platyphyllos, Large-leaved Linden, Lime
- Ulmus glabra, Wych elm: seeking source
- Ulmus minor, syn. U. carpinifolia, Smooth-leaved Elm, Plot elm: seeking source
- Ulmus procera, English elm
Native large shrubs (These larger shrubs occasionally reach tree size)
This group are represented as a light demanding edge mix.
- Cornus sanguinea, Common Dogwood
- Euonymus europaeus, Spindle
- Hippophae rhamnoides, Sea-buckthorn, coastal in distribution. Would do well here, but on more fertile soils suckers and forms dense thickets
- Ligustrum vulgare, Privet: a surprising native, this common hedging species but it was once locally frequent in Yorkshire Wolds hedgerows. Multiple plantings in combination with lack of tight hedge cutting can result in heavy crops of blue-black berries.
- Prunus domestica ssp. insititia, Bullace: A naturalised alien, once frequent in East Riding hedgerows, and around Leavening in the East Riding.
- Rhamnus cathartica, Purging Buckthorn
- Rhamnus frangula, Alder buckthorn
- Salix aurita, Eared Willow
- Salix caprea, Sallow, Goat Willow
- Salix cinerea, Grey Willow
- Salix purpurea, Purple Willow
- Salix viminalis, Common Osier
- Sambucus nigra, Elder
- Sorbus rupicola, Rock Whitebeam: native of rocky uplands
- Viburnum lantana, Wayfaring tree: Although generally considered to have a more southerly range, this species nevertheless is native and does very well in the region, and fruits reliably and abundantly
- Viburnum opulus, Guelder Rose