British Native Trees and Shrubs

 

The following list represents all of the British native trees and shrubs that were considered for the woodland mix at Three Hagges Jubilee Wood.  There are 40 species of tree and 16 species of shrub in total, of which we are planting 24 species of tree and 7 of shrubs; they are highlighted in green.

We have not chosen all of them.  Some are inappropriate for the site; others are locally abundant, and will come in by prolific self-sown seedlings (if we let them). On silver birch (Betula pendula) and elder (Sambucus nigra), we take the view that they occur very locally and will rapidly become a weed species if introduced.  Nevertheless, their nearby presence is sure to be exploited by various creatures as host/hotel/food source.

We plan to plant the shrubby species in multiples (7,9,13 etc) , because this type of group planting greatly assists pollination and hence ensures abundant fruiting.  Essential for our avian and mammalian foragers.

Note that the first six species on the shrub list, plus Blackthorn, Hawthorn and Hazel, can be grown together to make a beautiful native mixed hedge, which is an excellent resource for wildlife of all types.

They are all native species from sources of known native provenance.

Please click on the Latin name to find out more.

 

native trees

  1. Acer campestre, Field Maple
  2. Alnus glutinosa, Common alder alder glutinosa leaf web
  3. Arbutus unedo, Strawberry Tree, Ireland only
  4. Betula pendula, Silver Birch: locally abundant  birch leaf web
  5. Betula pubescens, Downy Birch
  6. Buxus sempervirens, Box: a native on the chalk of Yorkshire Wolds
  7. Carpinus betulus, European Hornbeam  hornbeam web
  8. Corylus avellana, Common Hazel
  9. Crataegus × media, – occurs as a natural hybrid wherever C. monogyna and C. laevigata overlap
  10. Crataegus laevigata, Midland Hawthorn
  11. Crataegus monogyna, Common Hawthorn
  12. Fagus sylvatica, European Beech: may include as sentinel trees at a later date  beech leaf web
  13. Fraxinus excelsior, Ash: excluded due to Ash die back disease, Chalara fraxinea.
  14. Ilex aquifolium, European Holly  holly leaf and berry web
  15. Juniperus communis, Common Juniper: more commonly seen on limestone and chalk, usually on uplands in Yorkshire
  16. Malus sylvestris, Crab apple
  17. Pinus sylvestris, Scots Pine: abundant as plantation species in nearby woodland
  18. Populus nigra, Black Poplar
  19. Populus tremula, Aspen
  20. Prunus avium, Wild Cherry
  21. Prunus padus, Bird Cherry
  22. Prunus spinosa, Blackthorn
  23. Quercus petraea, Sessile Oak
  24. Quercus robur, Pedunculate Oak  oak english leaf and acorn web
  25. Salix alba, White Willow
  26. Salix caprea, Goat willow
  27. Salix cinerea, Grey Willow
  28. Salix fragilis, Crack Willow
  29. Salix pentandra, Bay Willow
  30. Salix triandra, Almond-leaved Willow
  31. Sorbus aria, Common Whitebeam: more commonly seen on dry limestone and chalk, but nevertheless an amenable tree in cultivation
  32. Sorbus aucuparia, European Rowan
  33. Sorbus domestica, Service Tree
  34. Sorbus torminalis, Wild Service Tree, Checkers, Chequer tree. Not locally native, but a beautiful tree that does well in Yorkshire
  35. Taxus baccata, European Yew
  36. Tilia cordata, Small-leaved Linden, Lime  lime leaf web
  37. Tilia platyphyllos, Large-leaved Linden, Lime
  38. Ulmus glabra, Wych elm: seeking source
  39. Ulmus minor, syn. U. carpinifolia, Smooth-leaved Elm, Plot elm: seeking source
  40. Ulmus procera, English elm

 

Native large shrubs (These larger shrubs occasionally reach tree size)

This group are represented as a light demanding edge mix.

  1. Cornus sanguinea, Common Dogwood  dogwood leaf flower web
  2. Euonymus europaeus, Spindle
  3. Hippophae rhamnoides, Sea-buckthorn, coastal in distribution. Would do well here, but on more fertile soils suckers and forms dense thickets
  4. Ligustrum vulgare, Privet: a surprising native, this  common hedging species but it was once locally frequent in Yorkshire Wolds hedgerows. Multiple plantings in combination with lack of tight hedge cutting can result in heavy crops of blue-black berries.
  5. Prunus domestica ssp. insititia, Bullace:  A naturalised alien, once frequent in East Riding hedgerows, and around Leavening in the East Riding.
  6. Rhamnus cathartica,  Purging Buckthorn
  7. Rhamnus frangula, Alder buckthorn
  8. Salix aurita,  Eared Willow
  9. Salix caprea,  Sallow, Goat Willow
  10. Salix cinerea,  Grey Willow
  11. Salix purpurea,  Purple Willow
  12. Salix viminalis,  Common Osier
  13. Sambucus nigra,  Elder
  14. Sorbus rupicola, Rock Whitebeam:  native of rocky uplands
  15. Viburnum lantana, Wayfaring tree:  Although generally considered to have a more southerly range, this species nevertheless is native and does very well in the region, and fruits reliably and abundantly
  16. Viburnum opulus, Guelder Rose