Wood-meadow, when culture supports biodiversity



This paper, When Culture Supports Biodiversity, has been one of the  most influential in our thinking about new wood-meadow creation at Three Hagges. I retrieved it from the website of the Legacy Community Conservation Association (PKÜ) Estonia.

The paper, and the website, from which it came, (see link below) provides food for thought in the practical application of the ecological principles that guided the creation of our wood-meadow. More importantly, it illuminates the essential role of human interaction and management in conserving biodiversity. This is an ancient relationship that speaks of human culture and engagement with the natural world, and re-examination and reinstatement of it is long overdue. It carries the seeds of hope.

You can download it here:



Kull, K., Kukk, T., Lotman, A. 2003. When culture supports biodiversity: The case of the wooded meadow. – Roepstorff, A., Bubandt, N., Kull, K. (eds.), Imagining Nature: Practices of Cosmology and identity. Aarhus: Aarhus University Press, p. 76-96.


Photo: “Nedrema puisniit”, wooded meadow at Nedrema, by Urve123 – Own work. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons