The most typical trees
The woodland is a combination of many different species of animals, herbs, shrubs, plants. However, there is no doubt that trees are the most important component that distinguishes woodland from the fields. The most typical trees are giant and high trees with lots of leaves that create lots of shadows below and make a perfect place for animals to live. The woodland restoration projects focus on trees planting, so here are highlights that are always mentioned in these projects.
The most important tree of any woodland is the oak tree. This tree has a significant impact on English history, mythology, and biodiversity as well. These majestic trees can grow up to 50 meters and have wide branches. Their leaves grow in bunches, they are long with deep lobes and smooth edges. The fruits of oak trees are called acorns. They look like little nuts as they ripen, the green acorn turns brown, loosens from the cupule and falls to the canopy below, sprouting the following spring.
Oak trees can support more species than any other threes in a woodland. They host many different species of insects, birds, squirrels, badgers, boars, and deer who eat the acorns. The core of oaks is the perfect place for invertebrates such as the stag beetle or fungi that are rarely found anywhere else, like the oakbug milkcap. Holes and crevices of oak trees host birds, flying insects, and bats as well.
Oaks produce one of the hardest and most durable timbers, so it can be used for long-lasting constructions of buildings, flooring, wine barrels, and firewood or furniture. However, the timber of oak trees is very expensive because it lasts more than 150 years when the oak tree is good to be used for practical purposes. Leaves, bark, and acorns were believed to heal many medical ailments, including diarrhea, inflammation and kidney stones. Acorns are also used for bread and coffee making.
Lime trees are very common all around the United Kingdom as the climate is very good for them. These trees are typically 20 to 40 m and can be distinguished by the heart-shaped leaves which have white-cream hairs in the base of the vein on the underside and fade to a dull yellow before falling in autumn. Limes are sometimes called Lindens or Basswoods.
The blossoms of lime are white, pink and yellow with five petals and hang in bunches of 2–5. They smell very nice and usually arise at the end of June. Once pollinated by insects, the flowers develop into round-oval, slightly ribbed fruits, with a pointed tip and look like another kind of leaves.
Lime leaves are eaten by the caterpillars, hoverflies, ladybirds and many species of birds. The blossoms attract many bees because of the sweet honeydew, as a result, honey from lime blossoms is well-known all around the Europe. Limewood is soft and light, white-yellow and finely textured. It is easy to work and often used in woodturning, carving and furniture making. The most common use of common lime is as an ornamental tree.